Db makinamızın sanal klonunu başka bir ortamda farklı isimde veya farklı IP adresinde hazırladığımızda CRS/Grid yapısında aşağıdaki düzenlemeler yapmamız gerekiyor ASM instance ını açabilmek için;

 
 tstdbclone@root </> crsctl start has
 CLSU-00100: Operating System function: opendir failed with error data: 2
 CLSU-00101: Operating System error message: No such file or directory
 CLSU-00103: error location: scrsearch1
 CLSU-00104: additional error information: cant open scr home dir scls_scr_getval
 CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.
 tstdbclone@root </> 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204/bin> 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204/bin> cd 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> . oraenv
 ORACLE_SID = [+ASM] ? 
 The Oracle base remains unchanged with value /oracle/app/oracle
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sat Feb 25 20:15:14 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
 ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters
 ORA-29701: unable to connect to Cluster Synchronization Service
 SQL> Terminated
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> ps -ef | grep pmon
  oracle 5439622 7274616 1 21:14:46 pts/1 0:00 grep pmon
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> sudo su - root
 tstdbclone@root </> . oraenv
 ORACLE_SID = [root] ? +ASM
 The Oracle base has been set to /oracle/app/oracle
 tstdbclone@root </> crsctl start has
 CLSU-00100: Operating System function: opendir failed with error data: 2
 CLSU-00101: Operating System error message: No such file or directory
 CLSU-00103: error location: scrsearch1
 CLSU-00104: additional error information: cant open scr home dir scls_scr_getval
 CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.
 tstdbclone@root </> cd /oracle/app
 tstdbclone@root </oracle/app> cd grid_11204/crs/install
 tstdbclone@root </oracle/app/grid_11204/crs/install> ./roothas.pl -deconfig -force
 Using configuration parameter file: ./crsconfig_params
 CRS-4639: Could not contact Oracle High Availability Services
 CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.
 CRS-4639: Could not contact Oracle High Availability Services
 CRS-4000: Command Delete failed, or completed with errors.
 CLSU-00100: Operating System function: opendir failed with error data: 2
 CLSU-00101: Operating System error message: No such file or directory
 CLSU-00103: error location: scrsearch1
 CLSU-00104: additional error information: cant open scr home dir scls_scr_getval
 CRS-4544: Unable to connect to OHAS
 CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.
 This may take several minutes. Please wait ...
 0518-307 odmdelete: 1 objects deleted.
 0518-307 odmdelete: 1 objects deleted.
 0518-307 odmdelete: 1 objects deleted.
 Successfully deconfigured Oracle Restart stack
 tstdbclone@root </oracle/app/grid_11204/crs/install> ./roothas.pl
 Using configuration parameter file: ./crsconfig_params
 User ignored Prerequisites during installation
 LOCAL ADD MODE 
 Creating OCR keys for user 'oracle', privgrp 'dba'..
 Operation successful.
 LOCAL ONLY MODE 
 Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.
 Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'system'..
 Operation successful.
 CRS-4664: Node tstdbclone successfully pinned.
 Adding Clusterware entries to inittab

tstdbclone 2017/02/25 21:27:21 /oracle/app/grid_11204/cdata/tstdbclone/backup_20170225_212721.olr
 Successfully configured Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
 tstdbclone@root </oracle/app/grid_11204/crs/install> 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> . oraenv
 ORACLE_SID = [tstdbsrv] ? +ASM
 The Oracle base remains unchanged with value /oracle/app/oracle
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> crs_stat -t
 Name Type Target State Host 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ora.cssd ora.cssd.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 ora.diskmon ora....on.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> crsctl start resource "ora.cssd"
 CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'tstdbclone'
 CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'tstdbclone'
 CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'tstdbclone' succeeded
 CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'tstdbclone' succeeded
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> crs_stat -t
 Name Type Target State Host 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ora.cssd ora.cssd.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.diskmon ora....on.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> ps -ef | grep listener
  oracle 4259846 7274616 0 21:29:57 pts/1 0:00 grep listener
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> cd /oracle/app
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app> ls
 Agent12c grid_11204 oraInventory oracle
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app> cd grid_11204
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204> cd network/
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204/network> cd admin
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204/network/admin> ls
 listener.ora samples sqlnet.ora
 listener.ora.bak.fbcoredb01s shrept.lst
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204/network/admin> cat listener.ora
 # listener.ora Network Configuration File: /oracle/app/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
 # Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

LISTENER =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
  (DESCRIPTION =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1521))
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = testdbserver)(PORT = 1521))
  )
  )

#CONNECTION_RATE_LISTENER=10
 ADR_BASE_LISTENER = /oracle/app/oracle

ENABLE_GLOBAL_DYNAMIC_ENDPOINT_LISTENER=ON # line added by Agent
 INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_LISTENER=500

tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204/network/admin> vi listener.ora
 "listener.ora" 17 lines, 490 characters 
 # listener.ora Network Configuration File: /oracle/app/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
 # Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

LISTENER =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
  (DESCRIPTION =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1521))
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = tstdbclone)(PORT = 1521))
  )
  )

#CONNECTION_RATE_LISTENER=10
 ADR_BASE_LISTENER = /oracle/app/oracle

ENABLE_GLOBAL_DYNAMIC_ENDPOINT_LISTENER=ON # line added by Agent
 INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_LISTENER=500

~
 ~
 ~
 "listener.ora" 17 lines, 490 characters 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204/network/admin> ls
 listener.ora samples sqlnet.ora
 listener.ora.bak.fbcoredb01s shrept.lst
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204/network/admin> cd ../..
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/grid_11204> cd ..
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app> ls
 Agent12c grid_11204 oraInventory oracle
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app> cd oracle
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle> ls
 Clusterware cfgtoollogs diag fbcoredb01s tstdbclone product
 admin checkpoints fbcoredb01d testdbserver oradata
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle> cd product
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product> ls
 11.2.0
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product> cd 11.2.0
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0> ls
 dbhome_2
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0> cd dbhome_2
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2> cd network/
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/network> ls
 admin doc install jlib lib log mesg tools trace
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/network> cd admin/
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/network/admin> ls
 samples shrept.lst tnsnames.ora
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/network/admin> cat tnsnames.ora 
 # tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora
 # Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

TEST_DB =
  (DESCRIPTION =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = testdbserver)(PORT = 1521))
  (CONNECT_DATA =
  (SERVER = DEDICATED)
  (SERVICE_NAME = TEST_DB)
  )
  )

tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/network/admin> 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/network/admin> vi tnsnames.ora 
 "tnsnames.ora" 69 lines, 1234 characters 
 # tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora
 # Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

TEST_DB =
  (DESCRIPTION =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = tstdbclone)(PORT = 1521))
  (CONNECT_DATA =
  (SERVER = DEDICATED)
  (SERVICE_NAME = TEST_DB)
  )
  )

"tnsnames.ora" 69 lines, 1234 characters 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/network/admin> 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/network/admin> cd
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> crs_stat -t
 Name Type Target State Host 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ora.cssd ora.cssd.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.diskmon ora....on.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> srvctl add listener -l LISTENER
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> srvctl start listener
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> srvctl status listener
 Listener LISTENER is enabled
 Listener LISTENER is running on node(s): tstdbclone
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> crs_stat ora.LISTENER.lsnr
 NAME=ora.LISTENER.lsnr
 TYPE=ora.listener.type
 TARGET=ONLINE
 STATE=ONLINE on tstdbclone

tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> crs_stat -t
 Name Type Target State Host 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ora....ER.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.cssd ora.cssd.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.diskmon ora....on.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> srvctl add asm -l LISTENER -p 
 PRKO-2388 : Command line option -p should be followed by a value.
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> srvctl add asm -l LISTENER -p "/oracle/app/grid_11204/dbs/spfile+ASM.ora"
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> srvctl start asm
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> srvctl status asm
 ASM is running on tstdbclone
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> crs_stat -t
 Name Type Target State Host 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ora....ER.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.asm ora.asm.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.cssd ora.cssd.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.diskmon ora....on.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE tstdbclone 
 ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE 
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> ps -ef | grep pmon
  oracle 3932218 7274616 1 21:41:26 pts/1 0:00 grep pmon
  oracle 6684782 1 0 21:39:42 - 0:00 asm_pmon_+ASM
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> .oraenv
 bash: .oraenv: command not found
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> . oraenv
 ORACLE_SID = [+ASM] ? TEST_DB
 The Oracle base remains unchanged with value /oracle/app/oracle
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sat Feb 25 21:41:59 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
 ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 3.4206E+10 bytes
 Fixed Size 2245512 bytes
 Variable Size 1.5502E+10 bytes
 Database Buffers 1.8522E+10 bytes
 Redo Buffers 179892224 bytes
 Database mounted.
 Database opened.
 SQL> exit
 Disconnected
 tstdbclone@oracle </oracle> ps -ef | grep pmon
  oracle 6422592 1 0 09:58:03 - 0:00 ora_pmon_TEST_DB
  oracle 6619240 1 0 09:55:46 - 0:00 asm_pmon_+ASM
  oracle 6750298 12451876 0 11:11:35 pts/3 0:00 grep pmon

Referans: How to Reconfigure Oracle Restart (Doc ID 986740.1)